She who pwns people with history

The Ptolemaic Dynasty, as with many Royal Houses, had a tendency to re-use names over the generations. The women of the dynasty were either named Cleopatra, Berenice, Arsinoe, or some combination of those names, often with other epithets added to them.

These are the four Queens who had the name of Berenice (The accompanying pictures were all said to be them, but I can’t guarantee that as it can be difficult to determine who is being portrayed in Ptolemaic imagery):

Berenice I - A Macedonia Greek noblewoman who married Ptolemy I, and was the first Queen of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. She was one of the few Ptolemies not to meet and unpleasant end, she was given divine honours after her death by two of her descendents.

Berenice II - A Cyrenian Princess who married Ptolemy III. Soon after her husband’s death, she was murdered at the instigation of her son, Ptolemy IV.

Berenice III: The daughter of Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra Selene I. She was married to her Uncle, Ptolemy X, but lost the throne when her father reclaimed it. She ruled briefly after her father’s death, but the man she was forced to marry had her killed.

Berenice IV: The daughter of Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra V, and a full sister to the infamous Cleopatra VII. She took the throne after the death of her elder sister, Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, their father having fled to Rome to seek their aide. Her father returned from Rome and retook his throne, and had Berenice killed.

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